County Solid Waste Management Policies and Bills (11 counties) - Kenya Alliance of Resident Associations (KARA)


The Fourth Schedule, Part 2 (g) of the Constitution, states that county governments are responsible for “county health services particularly - refuse removal, refuse dumps and solid waste disposal.”

In 2014, the Kenya Alliance of Resident Associations (KARA) successfully lobbied for the enactment of the Nairobi Solid Waste Management (NSWM) Act, 2015. The NSWM Act provides a legal framework to manage solid waste in Nairobi County.

In 2016, KARA sought to pursue appropriate regulations to the NSWM Act. KARA in collaboration with the County Executive for Water, Energy and Forestry developed draft NSWM Regulations.

The National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) has developed a National Solid Waste Management (SWM) Strategy, 2015 to act as a guide to sustainable SWM in Kenya to ensure a safe and secure environment for all. The SWM Strategy notes that SWM is a major challenge for all 47 counties. Most counties have not put in place any legal instruments to assist them in the management of solid waste. According to the SWM Strategy, in five major towns (Nairobi, Nakuru, Mombasa, Kisumu, Thika and Eldoret), an estimated 6000 tonnes of waste is generated per day, and an average of 54% of waste is collected. 

KARA Position

KARA argues that an appropriate regulatory framework in counties will be the first step towards improving SWM by counties. KARA seeks to lead the development of a model SWM Policy and Bill that can be tailored to suit 11 counties i.e.: Mombasa, Nakuru, Kisumu, Uasin Gishu, Nyeri, Kisii, Meru, Kitui, Kajiado, Machakos and Kiambu. KARA will work in partnership with the Residents Associations in those counties and KAM Chapter offices among other BMOs in each county.

Expected outcome

If KARA is successful, 11 Counties will have the appropriate legislative framework through appropriate SWM Policies and Bills to regulate the management of waste. This engagement will provide for the participation of private sector in the development of this regulation.