Animal Resource Industry Law (Review and amalgamation) - Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA)

Over the years the Kenya Veterinary Association (KVA) has succeeded in various advocacy projects they have carried out in attempts to improve the regulations and policies in the business environment for its members.  

These advocacy projects have led to various policy successes including;

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF), Department of Veterinary Services (DVS), invited the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE) who conducted a Veterinary Legislation Identification Mission (VLIM).

DVS through the changes of the regulatory framework was clear to have differentiation of powers and responsibilities between the county and national government outlined under the 2010 constitution.

The OIE team also evaluated Kenya’s Veterinary legislation and compared it to the International standards that had been set up by the World Trade Organization agreement for Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for Animal Health.

The VLIM developed a review and produced a report with the following key findings;

  • 26 laws govern the animal resource industry, the Animal Disease Act and other Acts do not specify the DVS as the competent authority responsible for regulations in the sector. In specific; animal disease surveillance; the prevention, control and eradication of animal diseases; veterinary diagnostic laboratories, safety and quality of animal products destined for human consumption and animal feeds; import and export of animals, animal products and other commodities; or animal welfare.
  • The law that covers the prevention and control of animal diseases are outdated and do not meet the standards set by OIE and other international standards. A few of these laws are, the Rabies Act, the Branding of Stock Act, the Stock and Produce Theft Act, the Cattle Cleansing Act, the Meat Control Act, the Kenya Meat Commission Act among others.
  • The Counties should be responsible for implementation of legislation governing the industry and delivery of veterinary services. VLIM found a need to review the laws relating to animal resource industry to clearly define the roles of DVS and those counties and develop a chain command, communication and interaction between the national and county governments.

Excepted Outcome

VLIM has recommended that the 26 laws should be revised and amalgamated into five laws and cover the following areas; animal production, animal health, safety and quality of animal products, veterinary medicines and biological, and animal welfare.

These laws would address the separation of roles and responsibilities between the national and county government. It would also position Kenya to comply with the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code and othe