Nairobi County Waste Management Regulation - Kenya Alliance of Residential Associations (KARA)


According to the National Environment Management Authority’s (NEMA) National Waste Management Strategy, solid waste management has proven to be a challenge across Kenya.

This situation is accented by a growing population and increased urbanisation. Urban areas attract large populations of migrant labour that live in informal settlements and are also experiencing a growing middle class. Urbanisation and increased affluence have led to increased waste generation and complexity in the forms of waste, ranging from biodegradable waste to E-waste.  

Under the 2010 Constitution, waste management was recognized as a devolved function to be handled by the County Government. The onus was on county governments to develop regulations on Solid Waste Management.

In 2014, the Nairobi County Government drafted the Nairobi Waste Management Bill 2014. The County government would later enact the Nairobi Solid Waste Management (NSWM) Act 2015.

This followed engagements with the Kenya Alliance of Resident Associations (KARA) in partnership with Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KNCCI) Nairobi County and Ruaraka Business Community (RUBICOM) for a private sector perspective on the bill. With the Act in place focus move to the development of appropriate regulations to ensure its implementation.

The Nairobi County Government agreed to collaborate with KARA to jointly undertake the required consultations through the County’s Executive Department of Water, Energy, Forestry, Environment and Natural Resources towards developing effective regulations as per the Act.

Expected Outcomes

With regulations set in place, KARA foresees that Nairobi County will have efficient methods in controlling waste management as well as increase inclusion of stakeholders. The increased involvement of stakeholders will strengthen collaborations between the county government, environment departments and the private sector.